Positive Effects

The Panthers had many positive effects.
1.They led to the creation of many like-minded groups.
2.They created free breakfast for children program in January 1969, which fed 10,000 kids a day.
3.They distributed clothing.
4.They created an emergency response ambulance program and drug and alcohol abuse rehabilitation.
5.They gave lessons on self-defense.
6.They created inexpensive heath care for blacks and free medical clinics.
7.They improved education for blacks.
8.People in the Panthers could not drink, do drugs, or do any other uncivilized behavior while on duty for the party.
9.Panthers tried to get gangs to give up crime and join the Panthers.
10.The Black Panthers created an era where blacks could run for elective office, by having Panthers run for government office.
11.The Black Panthers also created an era where it is okay to express outrage at your oppressor.

Negative Effects

The Panthers also had negative impacts.
1.The Panthers made some people fear blacks and think that they are all violent.
2.They also made blacks in some communities more violent. After the Panthers fell, the people who wanted to use violence were still in the communities, but there was no one to control and rein them in. The Panthers promoted guns and gang mentality. All this led to an increase in black violence after they fell.

“As it was [the U.S. government] chopped off the head [of the Black liberation movement] and left the body there armed. That's why all these young bloods are out there now, they've got the rhetoric but are without the political direction... and they've got the guns." This statement means that the government killed the leaders of the Party, but the guys with guns are still around and were more dangerous because they had no one to lead them.